Guide to the Budapest, Hungary Orthodox Jewish Congregation Records
1890-1944

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Yeshiva University Archives | Mendel Gottesman Library | 500 W. 185th St., New York, NY 10033 | Phone: (646) 592-4058 | Email: archives@yu.edu

Collection Overview

Creator: Autonom Orthodox Izraelita Hitközség (Budapest)
Title: Budapest, Hungary Orthodox Jewish Congregation Records
Dates: 1890-1944
Size: 0.25 Linear feet
Number of Boxes:1 slim manuscript box
Abstract:The collection consists of a small amount of records of the Budapest Orthodox Jewish Congregation for a variety of communal functions and spanning from the 1890s through the 1940s.
Languages:Materials are in Hungarian.
Call No: 2014.044

About This Guide

Finding aid encoded April, 2016

Finding aid encoded in English.

Historical Note

Budapest's independent Orthodox Congregation emerged in the aftermath of the General Jewish Congress held in Pest in 1868 that attempted to create a single, unified Jewish entity within Hungary that would be recognized by the government. The Congress was unsuccessful in unifying the Orthodox (traditional) and Neolog (Reform) factions of Hungarian Jews, and despite being in the minority, the Orthodox were granted permission to establish autonomous congregations. Congregations maintained the synagogue, school system, and handled internal disputes and issues. They also established a Hevra Kadisha (burial society) that was responsible for the preparation and burial of the dead in accordance with Jewish ritual and custom. In many communities, the Hevra Kadisha's activities extended into broader social service and benevolent functions. In Budapest, the Hevra Kadisha opened an infirmary as well as a home for needy, aged Jews.

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of a small amount of records of the Budapest Orthodox Jewish Congregation for a variety of communal functions and spanning from the 1890s through the 1940s. It contains several items of general correspondence (1892), some coupons for remittance of individuals' communal tax payments (1890s), as well as a number of lists from the government announcing individuals who were being sought for crimes or other infractions, or procedural matters which were circulated to institutions throughout the country and do not especially pertain to the Congregation. There are also a number of items from the Congregation's Hevra Kadisha, including meeting minutes (1932), correspondence with the Mayor's Office regarding a financial matter (1931-1932), and a group of letters from individuals requesting financial assistance in light of the hardships they faced as a result of Hungary's anti-Jewish laws (1942-1944).

Index Terms

This collection has been indexed under the following terms:

Organizations:
Autonom Orthodox Izraelita Hitközség (Budapest). Chevra Kadisa
Subjects:
Ḥevra kaddisha -- Hungary -- Budapest
Jews -- Hungary -- Budapest -- Economic conditions
Jews -- Hungary -- Budapest -- History -- Sources
Jews -- Hungary -- Budapest -- Social conditions
Places:
Budapest (Hungary) -- Ethnic relations
Document Types:
Administrative records
Correspondence
Minutes
Official documents

Provenance

Acquisition Information

The collection was acquired in 2014 through the Estate of Zoltan Erenyi and forms part of the Zoltan Erenyi Memorial Collection of Hungarian Judaica.

Other Finding Aids note

A detailed listing of items in the collection may be requested from the Archives.

Conditions Governing Access and Use

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is available to researchers deemed to be qualified by the Archivist.

Conditions Governing Use

Restrictions may apply concerning the use, photoduplication, or publication of materials in this collection. Please contact the Curator of Special Collections for information regarding Yeshiva University's reproduction policies and fees.